A general election will take place in Lithuania on Sunday as the country’s citizens will hit the polls for the eight time since regaining independence in 1990.
This will be the country’s 13th parliament. The numeration starts with four parliaments in 1920-1940, without including the 1920-1922 Constituent Seimas. The Supreme Council-Reconstituent Seimas worked in 1990-1992.
Voters . There are 2,449,683 voters on the Central Electoral Commission’s confirmed voter lists. The lists included 2,504,267 voters four years ago, and 2,442,587 people had the right to vote in the Seimas election in 2012.
Constituencies . 141 lawmakers are elected to the Lithuanian Seimas. Seventy of them are elected from political parties’ candidate lists, and 71 are elected in single-member constituencies. A separate constituency for Lithuanians living abroad has been established for this election, taking into account a large number of voters who cast their ballots abroad during the last election.
Candidates . A total of 1,754 candidates, representing political parties or independents, are running for Lithuania’s parliament, with men making up 66.7 percent, and women, 33.3 percent. Compared to the 2016 election, 339 more people are running for parliament this year.
Candidate profile . The Central Electoral Commission has produced an average candidate profile. It’s a 50-year-old male, named Vytautas, with higher education and assets, securities and cash funds worth almost 147,000 euros.
Parties . Seventeen political parties have produced candidate list for the upcoming election. In 2016, there were 12 political parties and two coalitions. Six parties got in to the Seimas.
Threshold . Political parties win seats in the multi-member constituency if they manage to get at least 5 percent of the total vote. Party coalitions need to get at least 7 percent of votes to win parliament seats.
Second round of voting . The second round of voting will take place on October 25. The run-off is held between two leading candidates if neither got more than 50 percent of the vote in the first round. Only three politicians got elected in the first round of voting in 2016.
Oath . A Seimas member receives the mandate after being sworn in during the first sitting of the parliament. The newly-elected Seimas usually hold its first sitting in the middle of November.