The Baltic states have ironed out technical aspects of boycotting Belarusian nuclear electricity, moving closer to an agreement sought by Lithuania.
“The Baltic states have the same political position” to boycott electricity imports from the Astravyets nuclear plant, Lithuania’s Energy Ministry told BNS on Tuesday.
Lithuania has outlawed electricity imports from Belarus once it launches the nuclear plant, which is set to begin operating later this year. Lithuanian authorities say the plant is unsafe and was built in breach of international safety standards. In order for the boycott to be effective, Vilnius has been seeking to have Latvia and Estonia join it.
Under the agreement, power trade with Belarus will cease after Astravyets plant is launched. For that to work, a system of electricity origin certificates will be introduced.
Some of the electricity trade will be redirected to the Russian–Latvian connection. Power trade between Russia’s Baltic exclave of Kaliningrad and Lithuania will continue in its current volume.
The new methodology for calculating each country’s capacity for trade will be submitted to the energy market regulators at the end of this week, according to BNS in Estonia.
Inga Žiliene, the head of Lithuania’s National Commission for Energy Control and Prices, said a regulatory methodology could be approved fairly swiftly.
Last week, Latvia announced its decision to stop buying electricity from Belarus once the Astravyets NPP is launched. Lithuania welcomed Riga’s decision, saying it represented progress in negotiations and Baltic solidarity in energy policy.
Lithuanian Energy Minister Žygimantas Vaičiūnas has told BNS that the three countries will now have to agree on the final wording of the declaration and approve the tripartite methodology.
Lithuania is the biggest critic of the Astravyets plant, situated close to its border and about 50 kilometres from Vilnius. The country argues that the facility fails to comply with international safety requirements. Minsk rejects the criticism.